China, one of the world’s most ancient civilizations, has a recorded history of nearly 4,000 years. She is one of the few existing countries that also flourished economically and culturally in the earliest stages of world civilization.
Located in the eastern part of the Asian continent, covering more than 9.6 million square kilometers, China is approximately 1 million square kilometers smaller than all of Europe.
Fifty-six different ethnic groups make up the great Chinese national family. Besides Han people (more than 90%), the Mongolian, Hui, Tibetan, and Uygur peoples comprise the largest ethnic groups. They reside in every corner of China and contribute to the cultural diversity of the country.
At the moment, China has 23 provinces including Taiwan, 5 autonomous regions including Xizang(Tibet) and Xinjiang, 4 municipalities directly under the Central Government and 2 special administrative regions——Hong Kong and Macao.